Saturable reactor meaning saturable reactor definitio. Power magnetics supplies the most reliable saturable reactors available, using our design and manufacturing expertise to meet the demands of industry. As the dc current increases it reduces the impedance of the core and allows the ac current to pass at a particular point on the wave. Introduction to electric circuits, 9th edition ebook written by richard c. This paper intends to cast new light on some problems that hamper beginners when studying saturable reactor performance. As it is usually connected in series to the anode of the thyristor, it is also referred to as an anode reactor. The theory of magnetic amplifiers is dated, but its simplistic design has benefits for modern applications. Introduction to electric circuits, 9th edition by richard. The reactors power winding is the one carrying the ac load current, and the control winding is one.
The book begins by providing the basic fundamentals of magnetics, followed by. Nuclear reactor history of reactor development britannica. Saturable reactor definition is an ac reactor coil of variable but limited impedance because of magnetic core saturation by means of an auxiliary dc excitation coil abbreviation sr. Figure 332 shows a saturablecore reactor that is used to control the. It makes up a thyristor module by connecting multiple thyristors in series, and.
By using a saturable reactor in series with either a semiconductor or thyratron switch, the circuit designer can reduce losses in the switch and extend its life. In recent years, power engineers have raised interest in exploring applications of scr in power systems. The saturable reactor is such a device, as it depends upon a high value of permeability in the. Saturable reactors and magnetic amplifiers have existed since the late 1800s with applications in motor control, radio, and electronics. Yunnan electric power grid is planning to development saturable reactors for 500 kv long distance ac transmission lines. Weve prepared the illustrations below to share six established saturable reactor element core and coil configurations. The saturable reactor of the present invention changes the series inductance of a circuit including a semiconductor switching device so that unintended voltage and current spikes are minimized. A saturable reactor consists of a coil or winding connected to a dc circuit which is used to energize a core which has an ac coil or winding.
The operating principles of saturable reactors have been known for quite a long time, but it is only within the past few years that these units have come into general use. Saturable reactor 115v, 400hz navy shipboard espey mfg. A figure 8 shaped saturable reactor including a central leg, two lateral legs, an upper bar connecting the upper ends of each leg, a lower bar connecting the lower ends of each leg, and a coil wrapped around the central leg, the crosssectional area of the central leg at its narrowest point being less than the crosssectional areas of the two lateral legs combined so that the central leg. Saturable reactors, in their simpler forms, have been used in. Now well take a look at it as a completely different kind of device. Magnetic amplifier have been around since the beginning of the. Saturable reactor for power flow control in electric. New chapters cover autotransformer design, commonmode inductor design, series saturable reactor design, selfsaturating magnetic amplifier, and designing inductors for a given resistance.
A transformer is a passive electrical device that transfers electrical energy from one electrical circuit to another, or multiple circuits. Magneticamplifier analysis using a generalized model for the saturable reactor core by herbert horace woodson submitted to the department of electrical engineering on may 14, 1956, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of science. Saturable reactor reactor reactor analysis reactor nuclear nuclear reactor mbbr reactor chemical reactor pdf reactor physics nuclear reactor desigm nuclear reactor analysis nuclear reactor design bus, reactor and capacitor protection modular nuclear reactor design nuclear reactor analysis duderstadt nuclear reactor analysis solutions chemical reactor analysis and design soluctions of nuclear reactor analysis introduction to chemical reactor analysis pdf nuclear reactor analysis solution. It looks like a regular transformer power supply except that theres an extra inductive element called a saturable reactor drawn in one of the power connections. Magnetic amplifiers for voltage regulation applications.
First, we had understood saturable reactors to use dc in their control windings. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read introduction to electric circuits. A simplified approach to instruction in saturable reactors. The active control circuitry connected to it was even more baffling to me so i. Although the nonlinear magnetic characteristics of ferromagnetic materials produce such undesirable effects as distortion of voltage and current waveforms, they are the basis for successful operation of certain types of devices. Saturablecore reactor a saturablecore reactor is a magneticcore reactor coil whose reactance is controlled by changing the permeability of the core. Series saturable reactor design selfsaturating magnetic amplifier designing.
The comprehensive directory provides access to full contact and ability information for sourcing professionals, engineers and researchers wishing to get information on reactors. Abstract a mathematical representation for a polycrystalline. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features. Saturable core manufacturers, service companies and distributors are listed in this trusted and comprehensive vertical portal. The permeability of the core is changed by varying a unidirectional flux flux in one direction through the core. Since the inception of nuclear power on an industrial scale in the mid20th century, fundamental reactor designs have progressed so as to maximize efficiency and safety on the basis of lessons learned from previous designs. The saturable core model is capable of simulating nonlinear transformer behavior including saturation, hysteresis, and. An ironcore reactor having an additional control winding that carries direct current whose value is adjusted to change the degree of saturation of the core, thereby changing the reactance that the alternatingcurrent winding offers to the flow of alternating current. Main applications sample problems saturable reactor. At some point in the history of this equipment, the original controls were bypassed and a variac fitted to do just that. As figures 2a and 2b show, a saturable reactor limits peak currents.
The cores are high permeability, so they saturate pretty easily. Dc current control using saturable reactor and onload tap changer in a typical rectiformer, the tap changer operates in accordance with the upper and lower limit of a control current for a saturable reactor. Saturable reactors are magnetic amplifiers saturable reactors are not common electromagnetic components. The saturable reactor of problems 73 and 74 is to operate from a 400cycle system with the amplitude of the ac flux just below the saturated value at zero premagnetization. As the first stage of the development plan, the appropriate saturable reactor structure should be presented and verified by. Osborne has been involved in a wide variety of saturable reactor design projects over the years. Applications of saturablecore reactors scr in power. A saturable reactor capitalizes on this effect by forcing the core into a state of saturation with a strong magnetic field generated by current through another winding. Saturable reactor definition of saturable reactor by. More than 19,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating. Saturable reactor how is saturable reactor abbreviated. Details on a saturable reactor that can be quickly assembled using two standard power transformers. The windings are 30 turns of the brown stuff saturable winding, on each core.
Productsservices for saturable core reactor transformers transformers 1849 companies transformers are electrical devices that are designed to transfer energy from one circuit to another by electromagnetic induction. Saturable reactors are used in systems when a drop in full line voltage with complete linearity, a need to limit voltage spikes, sags and harmonics is required. In concept, the alternating current through the lamp l can be controlled by the saturation of the iron core with the direct current, regulated by variable resistor r. A magamp device may look like a transformer but the operating principle is quite different from a transformer essentially the magamp is a saturable reactor. Bibliography of magnetic amplifier devices and the saturable reactor art. In the introduction, the concept, notion, classification and history of control. Saturable reactor accessscience from mcgrawhill education. The valve reactor is an important part of the dc converter valve. Calculate the reactor inductance for a set of operating currents.
A varying current in any one coil of the transformer produces a varying magnetic flux in the transformers core, which induces a varying electromotive force across any other coils wound around the same core. The operating principles of saturable reactors have been known for quite a long time, but it is only within the. Nuclear reactor nuclear reactor history of reactor development. The saturable reactor is designed to holdoff current until the switch. The magnetic amplifier acts as a variable impedance switch where a small amount of. Magnetic amplifier technology involves unique techniques that can be tailored to match the fit, form, and function of your application.
It makes up a thyristor module by connecting multiple thyristors in series, and two thyristor modules constitute a valve module. Special transformers and applications transformers. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. In this historical progression, four distinct reactor generations can be discerned. A saturable reactor in electrical engineering is a special form of inductor where the magnetic. It is not easy to explain to students why the mean value of the current must be zero for a nonlinear circuit having a characteristic resembling that of a rectifier. Saturable core reactors an overview sciencedirect topics. A saturable reactor for power flow control srpfc is a novel application of a concept well known to electronics and power electronics engineers that provides continuous modulation of line reactance by controlling the magnetization in a ferromagnetic core. A simulation model for the saturable reactor, an electromagnetic devices widely used as a protective element for the thyristor circuit, is presented. Desperately needing a random electronic release this weekend, i wound a quick saturable reactor. The study of the saturablecore reactor scr can be traced back to 1900s. Once saturated, the inductance of the saturable reactor drops dramatically. A basic transformer consists of two coils of wire wrapped around a core, known as the primary coil and secondary coil. Saturable reactor article about saturable reactor by the.
With the expansion of the grid, continuous reactive power compensation is vital for efficient operation of long transmission power lines or cables. Efforts to repair and operate this later control system were comically ineffective, forcing us to instead repair the original controls. Saturable reactor news newspapers books scholar jstor september 2018. Saturable reactors are considered magnetic amplifiers because they can use a relatively small amount of dc voltamps to control the transfer of a significant amount of ac. The three essential elements of saturable reactor are. As is known, control is effected by adjustment of the reactor impedance with dc. Response analysis of saturable reactors and tap changer in. If a book or article is written in a foreign language, the title has been translated into. The ac reactor features a magnetic core that can be deliberately saturated by means of a direct electric current in a control winding. The saturable reactor cannot be modeled using a single spice primitive element. A wide variety of saturable reactor options are available to you, such as none, united states, and egypt. A gavrilovic obe, in electrical engineers reference book sixteenth edition, 2003. Saturable reactor for power flow control in electric transmission.
Therefore, a saturable core macro model, utilizing the isspice subcircuit feature, must be created. Saturable reactors so far, weve explored the transformer as a device for converting different levels of voltage, current, and even impedance from one circuit to another. A system of classification derived from the practice and method of collaboratively creating and managing tags to annotate and categorize content. Description a saturable reactor in electrical engineering is a special form of inductor where the magnetic core can be deliberately saturated by a direct electric current in a control winding. Here is a brief overview of why saturable reactors are occasionally referred to as magnetic amplifiers. The basic principle underlying a saturable reactor is the change in inductance that corresponds to a saturated or unsaturated iron core. Although commonly used in electronic circuit applications, scr has seldom been used in power system applications. This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. A coordinated approach for reactor and tap changer is essential to control rectiformer output current.632 46 249 27 117 697 860 899 1022 1476 216 276 230 1640 1183 185 762 329 2 455 668 50 1313 1241 595 471 13 1166 1286 80 462 262 646 1238 1319 1086