Ppt lymphatic filariasis elephantiasis powerpoint presentation free to download id. This results in fluid collection in various tissues of the body. Nov 01, 2018 lymphatic filariasis is a disease caused by parasitic roundworms of 3 different types. Lymphatic filariasis elimination can viably contribute to the achievement of the millennium development goals. Wuchereria bancrofti, brugia malayi, or brugia timori. Lymphatic filariasis genetic and rare diseases information. When infected mosquitoes transmit the parasitic worm wuchereria bancrofti to people, the worm blocks the lymphatic system. Disability and quality of life in patients with lymphatic.
Lymphatic filariasis is a human disease caused by parasitic worms known as filarial worms. Find powerpoint presentations and slides using the power of, find free presentations research about filariasis ppt about 22 results 0. Ppt lymphatic filariasis powerpoint presentation free. Filariasis any one of several helminthic diseases of man and animals caused by the. Education and information about lymphatic filariasis for health professionals including guidance for the care of patients with lymphedema, elephantiasis, hydrocele. Filariasis is caused by wucherirai banchorafti, spread by mosquito bites. Elephantiasis is also known as lymphatic filariasis. Lymphatic filariasis dan imler morning report epidemiology w. Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a neglected tropical disease. In areas endemic for podoconiosis, prevalence can be 5% or higher. Filarial excretorysecretory products induce human monocytes to. The adobe flash plugin is needed to view this content. It is most commonly caused by wuchereria bancrofti, and may also be caused by brugia malayi and brugia timori.
The skin may become thicker as well, and the condition may become painful. The threadlike worm that can cause lymphatic filariasis is a blooddwelling filarial nematode, also called a roundworm, from the aschelminth phyla reference 2. Sep 29, 2017 elephantiasis is also known as lymphatic filariasis. According to medical experts the worldwide efforts to eliminate lymphatic filariasis is on track to potentially be successful by 2020. Clinical and pathological aspects of filarial lymphedema and its. Insights into the pathogenesis of disease in human lymphatic. Name two severe deformities seen in clinical manifestations of lymphatic filariasis and the areas of the body in which they are found. These worms live in, and cause damage to, the lymphatic system that normally returns fluids in our extremities to the circulatory system. Lymphatic filariasis can progress to elephantiasis, a swelling and thickening of body tissues from accumulation of fluid. Doxycycline reduces plasma vegfc svegfr3 and improves pathology in lymphatic filariasis. Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, threadlike worms. Lymphatic filariasis is spread from person to person by mosquitoes.
The blockage causes swelling in the legs or other parts of the body, making these body parts appear large and puffy, or elephantlike. Lymphatic filariasis, considered globally as a neglected tropical disease ntd, is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, threadlike worms. Some studies have shown adult worm killing with treatment with doxycycline 200mgday for 46 weeks. It is highly disabling and stated to be the second leading cause of long term disability and socioeconomic consequences in.
In chronic case of infection, these worms may give rise to. The drug kills the microfilariae and some of the adult worms. Nonetheless, to the greeksincluding hippocrates ca 460370 bc, galen 129200 ad, and paulus aegineta 625690 adthe term elephantiasis was associated with ambiguity, implying both filariasis and leprosy 3. Mar 16, 2018 diethylcarbamazine dec is the drug of choice in the united states. Oct 02, 2010 lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis. The complications of lymphatic filariasis arise from severe cases that lead to elephantiasis and may result in loss of limb function in addition to physical complications, lymphatic filariasis may have emotional and societal consequences as well. Lymphatic filariasis, filariasis vector, filariasis symptoms. Some people, however, develop a syndrome called elephantiasis, which is. This is a very old case of filariasis, now converted to elephantiasis which means elephant like leg due to thickening of skin. The worms multiply in the body and create blockages within the lymphatic system. Elephantiasis affects mainly the lower extremities, while the ears.
Like onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis is caused by filarial worms and is vectorborne. There are 3 known species of the filarial nematode that can cause lymphatic filariasis. Nov 19, 2011 this is a very old case of filariasis, now converted to elephantiasis which means elephant like leg due to thickening of skin. View and download powerpoint presentations on lymphatic filariasis in children ppt. Lymphatic filariasis is transmitted via mosquitoes and is caused by either of the following parasitic worms.
According to the global alliance to eliminate lymphatic filariasis, lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by threadlike worms living in the human lymphatic system reference 1. A statue of pharaoh mentuhotep ii depicts swollen limbs, a characteristic of elephantiasis, which is a symptom of heavy lymphatic filariasis infection. If so, share your ppt presentation slides online with. Sep 15, 2014 recently we have been receiving many inquiries related to a national eradication programme of lymphatic filariasis lf, a chronic condition that can result in elephantiasis. The infection is usually acquired in childhood but the painful and profoundly disfiguring disease often occurs later in life. Although the immune responses to filarial parasites have been well studied with respect to natural history, diagnosis, and treatment, there is a relative paucity of information in terms of the mechanisms underlying development of pathology. Lymphatic filariasis lf is caused by the filarial nematodes wuchereria bancrofti, brugia malayi and brugia timori, which are transmitted between definitive human hosts by multiple mosquito vectors and have varying geographical distributions. Knowing that the person lives in or has spent time in a country where filariasis poses a risk can help a doctor diagnose the disease. The disease is caused by a parasite transmitted by mosquito bites. Lymphatic filariasis infects 120 million people in 73 countries worldwide and continues to be a worsening problem, especially in africa and the indian subcontinent. Elephantiasis elefantyasis is the result of a tropical worm infection called filariasis filaryasis. In the human body, the disease parasite is acquired during childhood causing a gradual damage in lymphatic system. Lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, threadlike worms that only live in the human lymph system, which maintains the bodys fluid balance and fights infections. Lymphatic filariasis who regional office for africa.
Debrah ay, mand s, specht s, marfodebrekyei y, batsa l, pfarr k, et al. Addiss d, filariasis global alliance to eliminate lymphatic 2010 the 6th meeting of the global alliance to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. Lymphatic filariasis article about lymphatic filariasis. Ppt lymphatic filariasis powerpoint presentation free to. Morbidity management and disability prevention in lymphatic filariasis 1 1. While the infection is usually acquired in childhood, its visible manifestations occur later in life, causing temporary or permanent disability. Lymphatic filariasis has been known to occur in the nile region, and ancient artifacts suggest that the disease may have been present as early as 2000bc. Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is a painful and profoundly disfiguring disease. These are two different diseases but they both cause enlargement of lower extremities that would appear like an elephants limb and thus accountable for the term. Recently we have been receiving many inquiries related to a national eradication programme of lymphatic filariasis lf, a chronic condition that can result in elephantiasis. The most spectacular symptom of lymphatic filariasis is elephantiasisedema with thickening of the skin and underlying tissues which was the first disease discovered to be transmitted by mosquito bites. It is caused by infection with parasites classified as. On the inefficiency of transmission of wuchereria bancrofti from mosquito to the human host.
Lymphatic filariasis, filariasis vector, filariasis. Feb 08, 2015 the most spectacular symptom of lymphatic filariasis is elephantiasisedema with thickening of the skin and underlying tissues which was the first disease discovered to be transmitted by mosquito bites. Apr 09, 2016 lymphatic filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by microscopic, threadlike worms that only live in the human lymph system, which maintains the bodys fluid balance and fights infections. Lymphatic filariasis is a disease that is on the world health organizations who top ten list of diseases to eliminate by 2020. Lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, is a parasitic infection caused by the wuchereria bancrofti, b rugia malayi, and brugia timori nematode worms transmitted to humans through the bite of infected aedes, culex, anopheles, and mansonia mosquitoes. People with lymphedema and elephantiasis are unlikely to benefit from dec treatment because most people with lymphedema. Lf is common in tropical and subtropical regions an estimated 120 million people in 81 countries are infected, a third of whom have overt clinical. This is an advanced stage of the illness whereby body parts such as the limbs and the genitals can become irreversibly swollen due to disturbed drainage of the lymph vessels in the skin. Insights into the pathogenesis of disease in human. Elephantiasis, also known as lymphatic filariasis, is a very rare condition thats spread by mosquitoes the common name is often used because if you have it, your arms and legs can swell and. Lymphatic filariasis also called elephantiasis is a vector borne disease, spread by the bite of mosquitoes and black flies. The lymph system maintains the bodys fluid balance and fights infections.
Elephantiasis results when the parasites lodge in the lymphatic system. Elephantiasis pictures, symptoms, causes, diagnosis. Lymphatic filariasis united states pdf ppt case reports. Skip directly to site content skip directly to page options skip directly to az link. Treatment for lymphatic filariasis and elephantiasis.
Lymphatic filariasis risk risk of lymphatic filariasis is present in tanzania. Lymphatic filariasis introduction stanford university. The most obvious symptom of lymphatic filariasis is elephantiasis. The lymph system maintains the bodys fluid balance and. In settings where onchoceriasis is present, ivermectin is the drug of choice to treat lf. These worms occupy the lymphatic system, including the lymph nodes. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. This thickening of the skin and swelling of underlying tissues is caused by parasites lodged in the lymphatic system, a network of channels, nodes and. The adult worms only live in the human lymph system.
Lymphatic filariasis elephantiasis is the property of its rightful owner. Most infected people are asymptomatic and never develop clinical symptoms. Left untreated and undetected, it can lead to a condition called elephantiasis. Without community health education to help inform people about lymphatic filariasis, the affected individual is more likely to be highly stigmatized in his or. Elephantiasis is a common term for either lymphatic filariasis or podoconiosis. In endemic communities, approximately 10 percent of women can be affected with swollen limbs and 50 percent of men can have from mutilating genital disease. Its caused by parasitic worms, and can spread from person to person through mosquitoes. Elephantiasis causes swelling of the scrotum, legs. Across 81 countries, approximately 120 million people are infected with the disease, and of those infected, an estimated 40% reside in india alone. Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted. Cp ramachandran fasc akademi sains malaysia, researcher interview at bfm 89.
According to the world health organization, lymphatic filariasis, a mosquitoborne parasitic disease, is the second leading cause of disability worldwide. Lymphatic filariasis is one of the neglected diseases. This disorder is parasitic infection since it is caused by worms and these worms are transmitted into the body by mosquitoes and black flies. Lymphatic filariasis, or elephantiasis, is a serious threat to approximately 406 million people in the african region. Elephantiasis or lymphatic filariasis with treatment youtube. Lymphatic filariasis, commonly known as elephantiasis, is an infection in humans caused by the transmission of certain parasites known as filariae filarial. Mar 17, 2020 people suffering from the disease may have lymphedema swelling from fluid buildup and elephantiasis engorgement and thickened skin, often of the leg. Elephantiasis is a late manifestation of lymphatic filariasis, which apart from limbs may involve genitalia or breasts. This blockage causes fluids to collect in the tissues, which can lead to great swelling, called lymphedema, the legs of patient seems as leg of elephant in appearance so called elephantiasis in stead of lymphatic filariasis. Hydrocele scrotum lymphedema elephantiasis extremities i.
The global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis, launched following world health assembly resolution 50. This is a condition where the limbs swell to the point that they resemble an elephants foreleg in size, texture and colour. View and download powerpoint presentations on filariasis ppt. Lymphatic filariasis, which includes the advanced form, elephantiasis often incorrectly referred to as elephantitis, causes extensive disability in several tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Find powerpoint presentations and slides using the power of, find free presentations research about lymphatic filariasis in children ppt. The worms invade the lymphatic system of our body causing injury to lymph nodes. Elephantiasis caused by lymphatic filariasis is one of the most common causes of disability in the world.
When lymphatic filariasis develops into chronic conditions, it leads to lymphoedema tissue swelling or elephantiasis skintissue thickening of limbs and hydrocele scrotal swelling. Is a nematode that causes lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, ppt. The most severe clinical manifestations of lf are lymphedema and elephantiasis. The parasite larva develops into an adult worm inside the body. People with the disease can suffer from lymphedema and elephantiasis and in men, swelling of the scrotum, called hydrocele. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by thin worms transmitted to humans by the bites of mosquitoes in tropical and subtropical regions. Some people, however, develop a syndrome called elephantiasis, which is marked by severe swelling in the arms, legs, breasts, or genitals.954 204 1352 1044 110 846 679 160 751 538 1599 609 743 202 686 779 813 691 1386 460 864 314 272 138 1135 84 36 698 67